Wednesday, June 27, 2012

Lisbon 3 / 里斯本 3

景點 / tourist attractions

聖朱斯塔電梯 / Santa Justa Elevator 


Though we were new to the city, we strolled from Avenida de Liberdade to Baixa. In that way, we ended up seeing several major tourist attractions. The elevator was constructed at the turn of the century by the French architect Raoul de Mesnier du Ponsard. He was once the apprentice to Gustave Eiffel, which explained why the elevator resembles the Eiffel Tower. It's about 45 metres tall, used to connect Bairro Alto and downtown. 


Vitor, who knows the city well, insisted that we shouldn't waste time taking the elevator. This is exactly like I always tell visitors not to check out Taipei 101. 

勝利拱門 / Arch of Triumph 


On the way leading to Arc of Triumph, the avenue is lined with busy restaurants and shops. 

商業廣場 / Trade Square 


You'll find yourself on the Trade Square after going through the arch. The statue in the center is King Jose I. 


The Portuguese palace used to be on the square before the Great Lisbon Earthquake in 1755, which had a magnitude in the range of 8.5 to 9.0 on the moment magnitude scale. It was followed by fires and tsunamis, thus causing great casualties. Many buildings were completely destroyed. The disaster also disrupted Portugal's colonial ambitions. 


Now government offices ring the square. 

海邊 / seafront 


The seafront is a potential market for properties. 


Before houses mushroom, the pigeons have the temporary serenity to themselves first. 

大教堂 / Lisbon Cathedral 


The Cathedral is the oldest building in Lisbon. On the day when we passed by, sixteen couples held the wedding ceremony inside. 

聖喬治城堡 / Castle of Saint George 


The oldest parts of the castle date back to the 6th century, when it was fortified by the Romans, Visigoths and last the Moors. 


It functioned as a Moorish royal residence until Portugal's first king Alfonso Henriques captured it in 1147 with the help of northern European crusaders on their way to the Holy Land. 


It was dedicated to St. George, the patron saint of England, commemorating the Anglo-Portuguese pact dating from 1371. It became the royal palace until a new one was built in today's Trade Square. 


Most of the castle was destroyed over the years, especially in the Great Earthquake. However, the long extension of walls and 18 towers still remain today. 


Visitors can walk along the ramparts for fantastic views of the city. 


Gorgeous-looking peacocks stroll at ease in the castle. 

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